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A Complete Guide for Press Bending Dies

The die-bending press operates based on this very basic idea: A press beam that is lowered onto a die from top to bottom makes up the die-bending press. Between the die and the press beam, on the sheet metal, is a punch that is fastened to the head of the beam.

Types of Press Bending Dies:

Press brakes can be bent in three different ways that are frequently utilized. Coining, which is frequently mistakenly called “bottom bending,” Bottom Bending, and air bending are three processes that require distinct press brake operation and tooling techniques. Understanding these bending techniques can assist you, the fabricator, decide which approach is most appropriate for the application.

Bottom Bending

Although more tonnage is needed for this operation than for the air-bending approach, it is still less than for the coining method. Here, the metal is bent by pushing it down into the V-Die. There is a small spring back because less pressure is used.

On mechanical press brakes, bottom bending is a standard procedure because the accuracy is determined by the toolset once more rather than the press brake’s positioning accuracy.

Coining

The word originates from the coin-pressing procedure. A coin requires a lot of force to indent the metal to reveal the images, numbers, and letters on it. Here, the press brake is applied to the entire component at its maximum tonnage. Regardless of the quantity of parts being created, this process demands that every bend be precisely the same.

The process essentially presses the material into the V-Die’s bottom and then crushes it another 10% to 15%, “locking” in the die’s angle. In a press brake, the coining process takes the most tonnage—typically 3–5 times that of the other bending procedures.

Air Bending

For a variety of reasons, air bending is the most popular type of press brake forming used today.  First, substantially less tonnage is needed to accomplish the desired angles; second, a basic 85° die may achieve many angles; and third, less tooling is needed, resulting in a much lower total cost of investment over time. Even less touch is made with the material during the formation process.

To reach the appropriate angle and to account for material spring back, air bending involves only slightly compressing the material into the die. Once more, utilizing the same set of tools to achieve different bend degrees is a very cost-effective advantage.

The angle of the punch and die will depend on the thickness, ductility, hardness, and spring back of the sheet metal. Because of its versatility, this technology provides greater accuracy, but success is only possible with precisely positioned machinery and precise ground equipment.

Components of press brake dies:

The top die, bottom die, guide rail, and bottom die base are the primary components of press brake dies. To create an upper shell for bending the metal sheet, the bottom and top dies can be matched and fixed to the upper portion of the press brake. The metal sheet is bent during the bending process by the upper die pressing it down onto the bottom die.

Installed on the bottom die base, which comes into direct touch with the metal sheet, the bottom die aids in forming the outlook. Usually, it has a V-shaped or grooved surface. This design allows for the bending of the metal sheet.

The metal sheet is guided and held in place by the guide rail, which is positioned between the two dies. Make sure the die is operating steadily and correctly, and that the top and bottom dies are correctly aligned.

The bottom die base is used to secure the bottom die and adjust its position during operation. The base maintains stability throughout the bending process while the bottom dies and it’s supporting structure contracts.

Materials Used in Press Brake Dies:

Press brake tools can be made from a wide range of materials, including as steel, polymers, and alloys. Steel is currently the most widely used material in press bending dies; examples of this include T8 and T10 steel, 42CrMo, and Cr12MoV.

Carbon Tool Steel

Similar to T8A and T10A steel, which have basic components and a high carbon content. Press brake die manufacturers typically use this type of steel due to its cost-effectiveness and good mechanical qualities.

On the other hand, heat treatment will cause visible deformation poor hardenability, and red hardness. Moreover, it is typically employed in the production of dies and general hand tools due to its low bearing capacity.

Tool steel with low alloy content

This type of steel has varying amounts of other alloy elements, including silicon, manganese, vanadium, and molybdenum, which can improve the steel’s toughness, hardness, and wear resistance. Examples of these steels are CrWMn, 9Mn2V, 7CrSiMnMoV, and 6CrNiSiMnMoV.

High-intensity alloy steel 42CrMo can exhibit remarkable strength and toughness following quenching and tempering. Cryogenic temperatures as low as -500°C can be reached while using it.

High Carbon High Chromium Tool Steel

Tool steels with a high carbon and chromium content that are often used include Cr12, Cr12MoV, and Cr12MoV1. This kind of steel is typically more intense, robust, wear-resistant, and hardenable, making it appropriate for high-intensity applications.

The heat treatment will cause it to shrink, making the steel extremely resistant to wear. Its high-speed steel has the second-highest bearing capacity among them.

To lessen the carbide heterogeneity and enhance the performance of this steel, axial upsetting and radial drawing are necessary because the carbide segregation is visible.

High-Speed Steel

Press brake manufacturing typically uses high-speed steel due to its high compressive strength, wear resistance, and intensity. It has a large bearing capacity as well.

Typically, it uses tungsten-reduced W18Cr4V, W6Mo5, and Cr4V2. High-speed steel, such as 6W6Mo5 and Cr4v, is made to increase resilience. Forging is necessary to enhance the carbide distribution in high-speed steel.

High Carbon Medium Chromium Tool Steel

Typically, this kind of steel contains Cr4W2MoV, Cr6W, and Cr5MoV. Low chromium, minimal eutectic carbides, homogeneous carbide dispersion, little heat treatment distortion, strong hardenability, and dimensional stability are the characteristics of these materials. This steel has better characteristics and apparent carbide segregation when compared to high-carbon chromium steels.

Hard Alloy

Tungsten carbide and cobalt make up this alloy, which is strong and resistant to wear, making it ideal for high-frequency, long-term, precise bending applications. Its extended lifespan and good efficiency help offset the somewhat expensive price.

Basic Steel

High-speed steel is transformed into basic steel by varying the carbon content to improve the material’s characteristics and adding a tiny quantity of additional components.

This process enhances the qualities, such as increased toughness, solidity, and abrasiveness, when compared to high-speed steel. It is less expensive than stainless steel. The following are frequently used: 7Cr7Mo2V2Si, 5Cr4Mo3SiMnVAL, and 6Cr4W3Mo2VNb.

Steel Combined With Carbide

This type of alloy is a novel material that blends steel with carbide, offering the toughness and workability of steel and the high hardness and abrasiveness of carbide at the same time.

Press Brake Die Standards:

Both carbon and chromium are present in standard press brake die steel. This steel is useful for bending because of its good abrasiveness and solidity.

Treatment with Flame Quenching

This method of quenching the die material improves the die’s abrasiveness and is especially important for high-tensity bending applications.

Standard Guide Rail Dimensions and Uses

When bending materials with varying thicknesses and angles, different guide rail specifications have distinct uses. The interchangeability of the die can be guaranteed by standardization.

Die Renovation

Die renovation is the process of restoring old, highly abrasive press bending dies to excellent operating order by recoating, flame quenching, fixing abrasive surfaces, and correcting grooves. This can reduce the die’s cost of use and extend its useful life.

Die Surface Treatment

A neat, clean, and level die surface is guaranteed by a fine polishing operation, which is necessary to lower friction, increase the lifespan of the die, and enhance the bending workpiece’s surface quality.

Applications Across Industries:

Indeed, several industries rely significantly on the use of press brakes. Precision sheet metal components bent at a specific angle are needed for these industries. Press brakes are most frequently used by:

Manufacturing industry

Various press brake types are used in the manufacturing industry to fabricate production line components. Press brakes are also used to create parts for manufacturing equipment. Press brakes are often used in the construction of protective enclosures for manufacturing equipment.

Automotive Industry

Because every kind of vehicle has a large number of metal parts, the automotive industry primarily depends on the press brake. A scalable option for the automotive industry is a press brake. It manufactures everything from big exhaust systems and frame panels to little components like door mounting brackets.

Marine Industry

Press brakes are perfect for producing huge components for boats and other watercraft. Press brake bending is used to create panels for the hull and deck. Tens of feet of sheet metal can be bent with tandem press brakes. Because of this, the press brake is an essential piece of equipment in shipbuilding.

Maintenance and Storage:

Press Brake Die Cleaning and Inspection Regularly

Regular cleaning and inspection are required to ensure the machinery and equipment are operating safely and effectively. Ignoring these obligations could lead to increased downtime, decreased productivity, and even safety hazards.

Regular inspections help identify any potential issues before they become more serious. By identifying issues early on and taking action, you can reduce the cost of maintenance and downtime for your equipment.

Either based on your familiarity with the machinery or the manufacturer’s schedule, routine checks should be carried out. To ensure that the machinery is operating within reasonable limitations, an inspection should include measurements, functional testing, and visual inspections.

Frequent cleaning helps avoid the buildup of dust, grime, and other contaminants that might cause device failures or malfunctions. It also helps to prevent corrosion and rust, which can endanger public safety and harm structural components.

Cleaning needs to be done regularly, depending on how frequently and what kind of use the equipment receives. Certain equipment may require cleaning only once a week or once a month, while other equipment may require cleaning daily.

The Correct Way to Handle and Store Press Brake Dies

Tools and equipment must be handled and stored properly to ensure their longevity and best performance. Particularly about industrial press brake dies, mishandling and storage can lead to expensive damages and lost production time. Here are some pointers for handling and storing tools and equipment correctly.

Before storing the press bending dies, make sure they are clean and clear of any dirt, debris, or moisture. This keeps rust and corrosion from building up, which could harm the tool or piece of equipment.

Make sure every instrument or piece of equipment has its own container or storage area. For instance, keep heavier equipment in specific storage spaces and hand tools in toolboxes or tool racks. This keeps inadvertent bumps and collisions from causing harm, and it also makes finding and retrieving equipment when needed easier.

Keep tools and equipment out of direct sunlight and extremely hot or cold conditions. Heat and moisture can lead to rust and corrosion, and very hot or cold temperatures can harm materials like rubber or plastics.

To avoid damage during storage or transportation, use protective coverings or cases. Use coverings for fragile electrical equipment or blade guards for saws, for instance.

Exercise caution when handling tools and equipment and adhere to the care and maintenance guidelines provided by the manufacturer. Never utilize tools or equipment for uses other than those for which it was designed, and avoid overloading it.

Make sure you routinely check tools and equipment for wear or damage and take quick action to complete any necessary maintenance or repairs. This keeps the tools and equipment from getting any worse and guarantees that they are always in good working order.

In conclusion, maintaining the longevity and best possible performance of press brake dies requires careful handling and storage. By averting damage and downtime due to equipment failure, heeding this basic advice can ultimately save time and money.

Press brake tools are an essential component of the sheet metal bending process. A press brake tool is a precision-made tool that is designed to work with a press brake machine to form, bend, and cut sheet metal to specific shapes and angles. The press brake tooling consists of a punch and a die, which work together to create the required bend in the metal. The punch is attached to the ram of the press brake, and the die is attached to the bed of the machine.

 

Press brake tools are available in a wide range of shapes, sizes, and materials, depending on the specific requirements of the bending job. For example, a V-shaped punch and die set is commonly used for making 90-degree bends, while a radius punch and die set is used for creating curves in the metal. The tools are made of hardened steel, and the surface of the tooling is often coated with a wear-resistant material to ensure longevity and durability.

 

Press brake tooling is a critical part of the sheet metal fabrication process and plays a significant role in determining the accuracy and precision of the final product. The selection of the appropriate tooling is crucial in achieving the desired bend angle and maintaining the integrity of the metal.

WHY CHOOSE VEOELL?

Because we meet all the above conditions. We can provide quality press brake tools that meet all your requirements and help you achieve accurate and consistent results.

Availability

Press brake tools from stock, short-term production of special tools and shear blades

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Press brake tools from stock, short-term production of special tools and shear blades

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Press brake tools and shear blades, Product quality Premium

Regrinding Service​​​​​​​

Press brake tools and shear blades, Product quality Premium

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Press brake tools, special tools and shear blades

Manufacturer

Press brake tools, special tools and shear blades

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Full Service

Design, development, production

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